With April 15th rapidly approaching I was wondering when and how the U.S. Federal Income Tax came into being. Well it turns out that the 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, the one authorizing the Federal Government to levy taxes, was ratified in 1913. Here’s the text:
“Congress shall have the power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever sources derived, without apportionment among the several states, and without regard to any census or enumeration”
Prior to this amendment’s passage the Federal Government had levied taxes (ex. the Lincoln Administration during the Civil War) but it was the 16th that laid the foundation for the tax code we all know and love. If you would like to learn more about this topic just follow this link to the Library of Congress’ History of U.S. Income Tax guide. If you’d like to see what the 1913 Form 1040 looked like just click here.
We at UST Libraries are excited to welcome our President-Elect and share with her our tradition as “the intellectual and technological crossroads of information resources, teaching, and learning at UST.”
To get started, here are some highlights we hope Dr. Sullivan will find helpful and interesting as she transitions into her new position (and that we thought you library-lovers out there might like to check out, too!):
Our Newly-Designed Website and Online Resources
Providing easy-to-use mini research portals to through our Google-like Summon search engine, catalog, research Subject Guides, and more. Read more about it here.
UST Research Online, our online reseach repository, is a wonderful place to familiarize yourself with the work being done by faculty and students
Virtual Tours and Histories of St Thomas
University Archives Photograph Collection contains a fascinating array of images related to the school’s history
Historic Walking Tour of the Saint Paul campus is a great way to get oriented with the history of the campus – can you find the pictures of Lake Mennith?
Written Histories of St. Thomas and the Saint Paul Seminary:
There have been many books written about UST. Here are two of the most popular:
More can be found in the University Archives.
*For more information about our President-Elect, Dr Julie Sullivan, please visit the St Thomas Newsroom.
Everyone who graduates from UST is required to take a history class. At least one. And it’s a very good thing because, as the saying goes, those who don’t know history are destined to repeat it. There are many history classes that fulfill the history requirement and in that same vein, the library has many history resources. I’ll try to restrain myself, but it’s a field of study that interests me.
History dictionaries and encyclopedias are a great way to get a sense of the who, what, why, where.
- Blackwell Reference Online – History an online library of background works. The collection is especially rich on topics related to the history of the United States and the United Kingdom.
- Oxford Reference Online – History an online collection of background resources on a wide variety of historical topics. Some entries are brief, others are extensive.
- African American Studies Center contains articles on all aspects of the African-American experience along with images, primary sources, time lines, maps, tables, and reference resources.
If you prefer watching history, these video packages cover world and American history, primary sources (news reels, news clips, etc.) and secondary sources (documentaries). You can find Ken Burns’ Civil War here, or WWII newsreels or the Complete History of US Wars.
We have many specialized resources, encyclopedias only of China or Africa or an entire encyclopedia devoted to American immigration. A great way to find dictionary or encyclopedia articles on a history topic is to do a Summon search and limit it to CONTENT TYPE/REFERENCE. This searches the contents of the online dictionaries and encyclopedias we have. You can be as broad or as general as you would be in a Google search. Remember to click MORE under CONTENT TYPE to get to REFERENCE. To see a list of recommended resources, check out the History databases. Or find a guide created just for your class under Research Guides.
The construction of the new Anderson Student Center & the Anderson Athletic and Recreation Complex transformed the look of the St. Thomas campus in Saint Paul. But have you ever wondered what the campus looked like in the past? Well – wonder no more! Take a virtual historic walking tour of the Saint Paul campus created by the University of St. Thomas Archives. Some the buildings and locations you may recognize, while others have faded into memory. Visit Lake Mennith, stop over at “Tom Town” and make your way down to the Grotto near the Saint Paul Seminary. You will not look at campus the same way again!