Dr. Craig Eliason, Associate Professor of Art History, is teaching a course on Modernism in European Art this fall semester.
Participants in the Surrealist movement, which thrived in Western Europe between the World Wars, saw the creative potential in unexpected juxtapositions and the laws of chance. A favorite activity of the Surrealists was the playful activity of building a “cadavre exquis.”* In this game, paper is folded in sections and artists take turns drawing parts of a body (or whatever their creative impulses dictate) on the resulting sections of the paper without looking at what others have drawn in the adjoining sections. Only after all have added to the drawing is it unfolded to reveal the “exquisite corpse” they’ve collectively made.
Recently in my ARTH356 Modernism in European Art course, we made our own exquisite corpses, examples of which you see here.
One thing that struck us was how motifs appeared on multiple sections of the same drawing purely by chance.
By participating in creating these monstrous creatures, the class gained new insight into the theories of creativity put forward by Surrealists almost a century ago.